There are several types of pigmentation that can appear in your skin. The pigmentation can be both darker in color, which is the most common, but it can also be lighter and almost white spots on your skin. The different pigmentation can appear from different factors. Pigmentation from the sun and from aging is very common, but pigmentation from hormonal changes and medications is not to be forgotten.
What Procedures Can Help with Pigmentation
At The Laser Image Company, we have many procedures to choose from: Microneedling, IPL, Laser Genesis and Fractional CO2 Laser along with chemical peels and home care products we can tackle this problem with you.
One of the treatments I mentioned is microneedling, and that is what I will be discussing here.
Can Micro Needling Reduce Hyper-Pigmentation?
Hyper-pigmentation is when there is a darkening of the skin. Microneedling, using a needle pen, can help to reduce this hyper-pigmentation by breaking up the pigment below the skin surface. This collagen induction therapy (CID) another word for micro needling, can easily aid the skin without removing or damaging the epidermis. Several treatments are required along with some skin lightening products and your skin tone will be evened out.
Unfortunately melanin is not always produced evenly, especially in individuals with darker skin. Uneven/excessive melanin production can also be the result of skin trauma – sunburns, acne, cuts, bug bites etc.
If the hyperpigmentation resides in the epidermis, it responds very well to microneedling and even acid peels. The problem is if the pigmentation is the dermis, deeper part of the skin, it wont respond to chemical peels. This hyperpigmentation is not to deep for microneedling but it will take more treatments to resolve.
It is extremely important to avoid excessive sun exposure and ALWAYS wear sunscreen when trying to treat hyper pigmentation. Ignoring this advice may lead to unsatisfactory results and even a reappearance of the pigmentation.
Getting micro needling treatments in combination with lightening/brightening creams can be a very effective for persistent or deep hyperpigmentation or melasma. Look for products that contain ingredients to inhibit melanin: Hydroquinone , Kojic Acid and Arbutin. Other ingredients that brighten your skin is: Vitamin-A in all forms (Retin-A, Retinol), C-Vitamin, Licorice, Alpha Hydroxyacids and other plant based extracts. It is important to be careful to not apply high concentrations of hydroquinone for very long periods of time. It is best to switch out lightening products every 3-6 months for most effective results.
Can Micro Needling Cause Color Changes to the Skin?
Discoloration is rare, but can occur. If the needle depth is 1.5mm or deeper, and is used too frequently, it can cause inflammation in the skin. Permanent irritation and inflammation in skin is one possible cause for hyper-pigmentation.
Micro Needling to Treat Melasma
Melasma is also called pregnancy mask, is common in darker complexed skin, Fitzpatrick 4-6, and even seen in 10% in men. Microneedling is effective because it creates minor trauma to the skin, creating less risk of complications. Even though the treatment is effective by causing an inflammatory response, using a shorter needle depth will limit the risk of further pigment formation. It is also generally more cost-effective than comparable laser therapy treatments for melasma.
Hypo-pigmentation is when the skin is lighter and the skin has malfunctions or absent melanocytes or melanin producing cells. Skin needling triggers melanocytes production and can enable migration of melanocytes from the surrounding skin into the hypo-pigmented area. Treating hypopigmentation with micro needling has shown very promising results.
Can microneedling help with pigmentation issues in your skin? The answer is yes!
The pigmentation will not go away over night, but a series of 3-6 treatments, and the right home care products will get the job done. Whatever your skin concerns are, we at The Laser Image Company will help create a treatment plan to get your skin looking its best!